STI Information Chart

Infection​ What to Watch For​ How You Get It​ ​If You Aren't Treated
Chlamydia
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  • Discharge
  • Burning or pain during urination
  • Frequent urination
  • Pain in abdomen
Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has chlamydia
  • You can give Chlamydia to your sex partner(s)
  • Can lead to more serious infection
  • Reproductive organs may be damaged
Genital Warts
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  • ​Many people have no symptoms
  • Small, bumpy warts
  • Itching or burning around sex organs
Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex and sometimes by genital touching with someone who has genital warts​
  • You can give genital warts to your sex partner(s)
  • Warts may go away on their own, remain unchanged or grow and spread
  • You could have a type of HPV that’s linked to cervical cancer
Gonorrhea
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  • Thick yellow, greenish or gray discharge
  • Burning or pain during urination and/or bowel movements
Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has gonorrhea​
  • You can give gonorrhea to your sex partner(s)
  • Can lead to more serious infection
  • Reproductive organs can be damaged
Hepatitis B
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  • Many people have no symptoms, or mild symptoms
  • Flu-like feelings that don’t go away
  • Tiredness
  • Jaundice (yellow skin)
  • Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has hepatitis B
  • Spread by sharing needles
  • Spread by contact with infected blood
  • You can give hepatitis B to your sex partner(s)
  • Some people recover completely
  • Some people cannot be cured
  • Can cause permanent liver damage or cancer
Herpes
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  • Some people have no symptoms
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Small, painful blisters on the sex organs or mouth
  • Itching or burning before blisters appear
Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex and sometimes by genital touching with someone who has herpes​ You can give herpes to your sex partner(s)
Herpes cannot be cured
A mother with herpes can give it to her baby during childbirth
HIV/AIDS
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  • Can be present for many years with no symptoms
  • Unexplained weight loss or tiredness
  • Flu-like feelings that don’t go away
  • Diarrhea
  • White spots in mouth
  • Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex with someone who has HIV
  • Spread by sharing needles
  • Spread by contact with infected blood
  • You can give HIV to your sex partner(s)
  • HIV cannot be cured. Can cause illness and death
  • A mother with HIV can give it to her baby in the womb, during childbirth or while breastfeeding
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
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  • Yellow or gray vaginal discharge
  • Bleeding between periods or after sex
  • Cramps in lower abdomen, sometimes with pain or nausea
  • PID can be caused when STD germs spread from the cervix into the uterus and other organs
  • Can be caused by IUDs (implanted birth control), some forms of vaginitis or douching​
  • Can be painful and cause permanent damage to pelvic and sex organs
  • 1 in 5 women who has had PID cannot have children
Syphilis
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First Stage
  • Painless sore or sores on the mouth or sex organs
Second Stage
  • Flu-like feelings
  • Rash
Spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex and sometimes with genital touching with someone who has syphilis​
  • You can give syphilis to your sex partner(s)
  • Can cause heart disease, brain damage, blindness and death
  • A mother with syphilis can give it to her baby during pregnancy or have a miscarriage
Trichomoniasis (Trich)
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  • Many people have no symptoms
  • Itching, burning or irritation
  • Yellow, greenish or gray vaginal discharge
Spread during vaginal sex​
  • You can give rich to your sex partner(s)
  • Uncomfortable symptoms will continue
  • Men can get infections in the prostate gland
Vaginitis
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  • Change in vaginal discharge
  • Itching, burning or pain around the vagina
Different types of vaginitis are caused by differed things, including:
  • Sexual contact
  • Yeast imbalance
  • Low levels of estrogen
  • Symptoms will not go away and may get worse